John Lennon
Name: John Lennon

John Lennon, MBE rose to fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. With Paul McCartney he formed one of the most influential and successful songwriting partnerships of the 20th century.

Born and raised in Liverpool, Lennon as a teenager became involved in the skiffle craze. His first band, The Quarrymen, transitioning from skiffle to rock and roll and other styles, evolved into The Beatles in 1960. As the group began to undergo the disintegration that led to their breakup after a decade, Lennon launched a solo career that would span the next, punctuated by critically acclaimed albums including John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine and iconic songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Imagine". He was controversial through his work as a peace activist. He moved to New York City in 1971, and his outspoken criticism of the US and UK's involvement in the Vietnam War resulted in a lengthy, failed attempt by Richard Nixon's US administration to deport him. His songs were taken up as anthems by protestors in the anti-war movement.

After retreating from the music business in 1975 to devote time to his family, Lennon reemerged in 1980 with a comeback album, Double Fantasy, but was murdered less than a month after its release. The album won the 1981 Grammy Award for Album of the Year and is Lennon's best-selling studio album at three million shipments in the US.

Lennon's album sales in the US stand at 14 million units. In 2002, respondents to a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons voted Lennon eighth. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Lennon #38 on its list of "The Immortals: The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time";(The Beatles were ranked number one). He was also ranked fifth greatest singer of all time by Rolling Stone in 2008.He was posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1987 and into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.